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FMISC Institutional Linkages

While currently the Disaster Management Department (DMD) coordinates disaster management planning and implementation, the implementation is through the line departments. Irrigation Department (ID) is primarily concerned with construction and maintenance of all structural and non-structural interventions for flood mitigation. The Department collects hydrologic data from its network of observation stations, during the flood season and issues a consolidated daily flood report including forecasts from Central Water Commission (CWC) through its Flood Control Centre (FCC). The department has also a well established dam safety organization for ensuring the safety of existing dams. The Central Water Commission has the primary role for issuing flood forecasts from its hydrologic network network to all stakeholders, including UP Irrigation Department. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) operates rainfall sites and provides rainfall data and forecasts. The multi-agency and multi-disciplinary approach to flood management thus calls for greater synergy amongst the State and Central agencies involved in flood mitigation.

Synergy between central and state Government agencies in UP State is identified as the key to successful development and sustained operation of flood management practices in the Rapti basin. The Irrigation Department (UPID) in Government of UP would implement the FMIS and pilot the flood forecasting and warning system and Embankment Asset Management System in Rapti basin. The State Remote Sensing Applications Centre (RSAC-UP) would be contracted to provideexisting and new data, including historic flood inundation maps, for integration in FMIS database. Synergy with Relief Commissioner's office and State Disaster Management Authority in sharing flood database would be established.Under proposed inter-agency agreements.

• India Meteorological Department (IMD) in GOI would provide 3 days advance rainfall forecasts and historic and current rainfall data including real-time data from sites with telemetry.

• NRSC would share its flood database, and provide operational flood inundation maps during the flood season, as also supply required additional satellite data in near real time on commercial basis. Airborne Laser Terrain Mapping would be carried out by NRSC if feasible, or by private vendor. NRSA, IIRS and RSAC-UP would also assist in capacity building in the FMIS centre

• Central Water Commission (CWC) will share both historic and current river water level/discharge data as also share real-time high frequency data from sites with real-time telemetry, flood forecast data and site cross-section and rating curve data.

• Central Water Commission and Ganga Flood Control Commission of Ministry of Water Resources (MoWR) in GOI would be actively involved in the development and operation of FMIS, particularly in the flood forecasting and warning system.

Consulting firms, individual consultants, and academic institutions would support development and operation through consultancy studies. The FMIS would also take note of complementary initiatives (i) in UPWSRP consultancies particularly in MIS and infrastructure (computer, communication, etc), and (ii) in Disaster Management Department (DMD) under the GoI-UNDP Disaster Risk Management (DRM) programme. The FMIS operation would also be synergetic with national level Disaster Management Support (DMS) programme lead by the National Remote Sensing Centre in the Department of Space (DOS), GOI.

Linkage with UPID MIS

The flood management module in MIS addresses acquisition and archieval of flood data, inspection reports and damage reports during the flood season; and daily hydrologic and hydrometric data through the year and flood protection scheme project reports under the Irrigation and Water Management (IWM) module, while embankment data are organized under the I&P asset management module. Some spatial data on flood prone area, canal network, roads, administrative boundaries, basin boundaries, hydrologic network sites, drainage, embankments, etc. would also be integrated. Flood Alerts and flood project/inspection reports are planned. Currently the Control and Command Centre of UPID collects MIS information from basin offices and prepares monitoring reports. It is expected that FMIS Centre would have synergy with Control and Command Centre.

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